Process of Planting and Transplanting of Trees.
Planting is the operation of transferring
young plant from nursery to their
permanent place in landscape.
Steps Involved in Planting Site Condition
The conditions of the planting site are as
important as the plant. Soil type and
drainage, available water and sunlight,
exposure to dying winds, and other
factors must be considered.
Attempting to match the requirements of
the plant to the site increase the
survivability, performance, and longevity
of the plant selected.
The first step in assessing the condition of the planting site is to examine the soil. Whether
the soil is sandy and well drained, or is it moist with some organic material, or is it heavy
dlay and therefore, wet and perhaps compacted.
Construction practices such as cutting and filling, installation of underground utilities, and
backfilling against foundations can create great diversity in soil structure. This variability
can change drastically with depth and between planting locations on the same propertyinvestigate
each planting site.
Soil texture and drainage are closely related. Sandy soils usually are very well drained,
have large pore spaces, and poor water- holding capabilities. They are usually associated
with dry conditions.
Conversely, clayed soils have much smaller pore spaces, are poorly drained, and can
suffocate plant roots. The pore spaces in soil are very important to plant growth because
the oxygen that occupies them is essential to healthy roots. A tree planted in poorly drained
soil will be slow to establish, lack vigor, and often will slowly die.
Because plant roots require both moisture and oxygen for growth, soil drainage should be
checked before planting. A poorly drained soil, high in moisture but low in oxygen, prevents
both proper root development and growth of beneficial soil micro-organisms that are
responsible for decomposing organic matter and releasing plant nutrients.